Section 2: Linux History
Section 3: Linux Features
ABOUT LINUX NOW
Linux NOW! was created by a group of students at the *California Institute of Technology to provide better access to Linux-related information. As experienced Linux users, we were often frustrated by the lack of a centralized database of Linux software that is browseable, fast, and efficient. Our Online Library is our attempt to make Linux software more accessible.
Linux NOW! was designed fully by *Hypertech Media, a web hosting and design organization run by Caltech students. All page design was done with *The Macromedia Freehand Graphics Studio. In particular, all digital images were created with *Macromedia xRes. Yes, these are Windows NT programs (unfortunately, you can't use Linux for everything). All programming for the file library and benchmark area were done with GNU g++ in C++ using *XEmacs on a Pentium 133 with 64MB of RAM. Currently our site is run by the Apache Web Server housed at *Vservers. Comments may be addressed to email@example.com.
The Definitive Sunsite Catalog:
Reliable Benchmark Results:
The Linux Forum:
Linux NOW! is always growing:
What is this thing called Linux?
The roots of Linux can be traced back to the origins of UNIX. UNIX began as the first real attempt to create a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system. This work began in the last 1960's at AT&T Bell Labs by Ken Thompson and *Dennis Ritchie who first coined the name UNIX. Soon after, Ritchie rewrote UNIX in his new language C which greatly eased the operating system's portability to other platforms. The most familiar incarnations of UNIX today include BSD ("Berkeley System Development" developed by the University of California at Berkeley), SCO's XENIX, SunOS for SUN systems, Mach for NeXT machines, and Linux for Intel based PCs, DEC Alphas, Sun SPARCS, Amigas, Ataris, and PowerPCs.
As mentioned, Linux is a member of the UNIX family. Originally, Linux was a hobby project of *Linus Torvalds at the University of Helsinki in Finland. He based the project loosely on the small MINIX operating system. The first official version of Linux, version 0.02 (Linux is now on release version 2.0) which ran on the 80386 platform. Although the system could only run bash and gcc, it marked a major step in creating a multi-user, multi-tasking and highly stable OS for PC's. Linux reached version 1.0 in 1994 and version 2.0 was officially released recently.
An important aspect of Linux is that it was programmed completely by UNIX experts and programming studs around the Internet and much of the discussion took place on newsgroups. Linux contains no AT&T code. Today, a lot of the application development is done by the *GNU project at the * Free Software Foundation in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Much thanks and appreciation should be extended to the numerous programmers who have worked hard to make Linux the best operating system for a multitude of computing platforms!
What makes Linux so great?